DENTAL CARIES (TOOTH DECAY)
Dental caries commonly known as tooth decay or cavity is an infection caused by bacteria that results in the demineralization and destruction of hard tissues of the tooth.
Tooth decay occurs when we take foods that contain carbohydrates (sugars and starches) for example bread, candy, cake, soda, milk, cereals or fruit that are left on the teeth.
CAUSES / RISK FACTORS OF DENTAL CARIES
Below are some of the causes of dental caries.
1. Sipping sugary drinks.
2. Trapped food between the teeth.
3. Poor oral hygiene habits.
4. Dental arrangement.
5. Lactobacilli (oral bacteria).
6. Streptococcus ( oral bacteria).
CLINICAL MANIFESTATION (SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS)
3. Offensive breath.
4. Holes in the teeth.
5. Swollen face.
PREVENTION OF DENTAL CARIES
1. Eat a balanced meal.
2. Limit intake of snacks.
3. Brush teeth at least twice daily.
4. Rinse your mouth daily with a fluoride-containing mouth wash.
5. Make sure you clean between your teeth daily with dental floss.
6. Parents are advised to give their children fluoridated water each day to protect them from tooth decay and lastly.
7. Don't forget to see your dentist regularly for cleanings and oral examination.